Far sightedness (Hyperopia) is a case where we see the far objects better than the near objects. In such a condition, the eyeball is shorter than normal and the distance between the front and the back of the eyeball is short. Consequently, light rays’ focus would be in a point behind the retina particularly rays originating from close sources. Affected children and young men mostly suffer from distorted vision because they cannot compensate by the normal eye accommodation mechanism. In normal accommodation, eye muscles can make the lens more spherical which causes the light focus for near objects to be in front of the retina and that results in a clear vision. By becoming older, the lens becomes less elastic, which causes a difficult accommodation achievement.
Some of untreated far sightedness cases does not complain of any symptoms or may show minor symptoms. However, others who can see the near objects clearly suffer from headache or an eyestrain while reading. It may due to exhaustion of the culinary muscles while trying to correct the problem by accommodation. Most of those affected needs medical eyeglasses to correct light refraction or contact lens when they reach middle age.
A few of those far sightedness cases have a narrow angle between the iris and the cornea. This makes them vulnerable to narrow angle glaucoma at middle age.
Far sight can be rectified by contact lens, which is thick at the center and thin at its periphery. Such convex lens refract the light coming from the near objects before reaching eye lens and retina so as to fall in a focus on the retina.
My child does not like medical glasses:
Some children suffer from sight problems, which indicate the need of the affected child to medical glasses to help him or her to see clearly and easily. Such thing might irritate and annoy the child and make him refuse to wear the medical glasses. At this point, the family role is to encourage the child to wear the eyeglass. So, dear father and mother, how are you going to deal with your child when he refuses to wear his medical glasses?
At the start, let us discus the mechanism by which parents can discover sight problem in their child. In addition, it is necessary to take the child to an ophthalmologist. There are some alarming signs that parents can notice in their child.
- The child is reading while putting the book very close to his or her eyes.
- Or the child closing one eye and trying see only by the other eye.
- Or the child has difficulty in seeing far objects.
- Or if the child is sitting very close to the TV.
- In such cases, an optician and or an ophthalmologist must see your child. But, the parents might ask:
Why does my child need glasses?
The answer to this questions that medical glasses are prescribed for some children who are suffering from eye problems such as those suffering from short sight or far sight accompanied in some cases with squint. Far sight means inability of the child to see near objects clearly, while he can see clearly see far objects... However, short sight (myopia) is inability of the child to see far objects but he is able to see near objects.
It is well known that only the optician and or the ophthalmologist can decide whether the child needs to wear eyeglasses. If he decides that medical glasses are needed then the child must wear them and parents should not be complacent and must take the issue seriously because if the child would not wear the glasses will result in serious and grave results. The most important result of not wearing the glasses is gradual decline of sight with time because he has not wearied the glasses early.
We must not forget the school and teachers in follow up of the child and encouraging him or her to wear his medical glasses. It is a must to tell the school and teachers if the doctor decided that the child need to wear glasses so as the teacher can sit with the child and advise him and persuade him to wear his glasses in an easy and convincing way that wearing glasses is necessary.. In addition, if he would notice and shortcoming or negligence in wearing the glasses he has to tell the child’s parents in order to be vigilant from the start.
However, why do some children refuse to wear sight-correcting glasses?
There are several causes, which make the child refusing to wear his glasses. All parents must be vigilant to all of them. The most important reasons are, namely:
• Unsuitable and or inconvenient glasses: some glasses may be small and not suitable to the child face and consequently it is painful especially at his ears.
• Or a large glasses which slip and falls easily and frequently from his or her nose.
• Child may think the glasses have had made him different from others and this would cause psychic and or social isolation
• Some children would be irritated in finding something unfamiliar on their faces. Such children need a period to get familiar with their sight correcting glasses.
How can I convince my child to wear eye-correcting glasses?
Parents must persuade their children by the right and lovely policy to convince their children to wear the sight correcting glasses. What might help them in that policy is making eyeglasses wearing integrated in lovely activities such like going to going to parks and or watching films or going picnic places. For example, the mother can persuade the child by saying’’ we are going a picnic today provided that you wear your glasses during the time we are outdoors’’ and if the mother herself wears glasses, she must wear it during the picnic. In addition, if the child would remove his glasses the mother needs to end the picnic activity.
Beware… please do not make glasses wearing the cause of arguments and fights between you and your child because in such case the child would be the winner.. Naturally, parents cannot force the child to wear glasses if he or she is not convinced or not willing to wear them.
Parents are advised to seek the help of the schoolteacher to convince their child to wear his glasses and if he has classmates who wear glasses that will encourage him to do the same. The child may face problems from teasing students and hence the important role of the schoolteacher in educating the children in how to respect the feeling of others and the importance of good manners. Moreover, that wear a medical glasses is not a bad thing.
Finally, do not forget my dear mother and father, that your child is an intelligent human being and do not get bored and continue debating with him regarding the importance of wearing his or her eyeglasses... And try to start from the root of the problem in order to be able to solve the problem.. By encouragement and strong well, you will help your child overcome this obstacle.
A recent research has confirmed anecdotal observations that adolescents who were born with small birth weight (small for dates or premature) are more likely than not to have weak eye sights than those with normal birth weight.
The study which was run by Christina Hillgren et al from Karolina institute in Stockholm has showed that the sight of 59 adolescents who were of low birth weight have weak eyesight. And those 55 adolescents, who are of the same age group but with normal birth weight, have normal eye sight.
In addition, their significant sight weakness the have learning problems as well. Moreover, the study showed that 57 who were of low birth weight and were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRA): 17 had abnormal symptoms. Hillgren team have stated that a half of adolescents with sight and or learning problems have brain damage and third of them difficulty in learning.